Mothers’ Knowledge and Reported Practices about Care Provided for their Children Having Favism

Document Type : Original articles


1 (B. Sc. N) Faculty of Nursing - Minia University

2 Assistant Professor of Pediatric Nursing, Faculty of Nursing - Minia University

3 Lecturer of Pediatrics ,Faculty of Medicine -Minia University


Background: Favism refers to a hemolytic reaction upon consuming fava beans, also known as broad beans.
The study aimed
to assess mothers’ knowledge and reported practice regarding care provided for children having favism. Research design: The current study utilized a cross-sectional descriptive research design. Setting: The present study was carried out at the outpatient, oncology, and hematology unit of Minia University Hospital for Obstetrics and Pediatric (MUHOP), situated in Minia City. Subjects: A sample of 60 mothers of children diagnosed with favism willingly participated in the study, providing a convenient representation of the sample according to research. Research tools: Tool (I): A structured interview questionnaire includes socio-demographic data of the mothers, such as age, residence, occupation, children's medical history as family history, duration of disease, and mothers' knowledge regarding favism. Tool (II): Mothers' reported practices regarding favism Results: More than half of mothers had an unsatisfactory total score of knowledge and reported practices related to caring for children with favism. Also, a statistically significant relation was observed between the total score of mothers’ knowledge, reported practice, and their socio-demographic characteristics except the residence and education. Conclusion: Mothers’ knowledge and reported practices regarding favism were unsatisfactory. Recommendation: implement awareness campaigns and health education programs focused on favism to enhance mothers' knowledge regarding favism and promote effective prevention of the triggering factors associated with this condition.